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<•> Issues about the limits and unity of the universe, in brevity. Some extracts from the philosophical book

ISBN960-385-019-5 in stab~ Many years ago: Do you said that don't exist eternal truths for the nature? The first universal relations constitute world axioms, certain clauses with mathematic consequence, that predetermine the undeniably foundations not only of cosmology* but for each science. Universal limits and traits for all things exist and if we ignore them, then our knowledge for different things reveals these things more different and with possibilities that don't have. If we know the common traits of things and their physical laws, thus disappear cer­tain foolish queries, even some theories that have bet in the precision of certain mathematic calculations. Certain of these (rational) relations have afterwards extracted and enumerated with a priori­ty (without care here, in order to they are corrected or supplemented and without comments).


" Each part of the Universe isn't the total from the all moments (of time) and with this definition, the part exists always (perforce) in a partial moment and not in an other (moment of time) " .1

" The things are direct parts of the same reality and constitute a common Total " .2

" The things have relations each one with other, that is to say they interact and are influenced between them " .3

" The things interact immediately and indirectly, in different and in same moments, with a lot of different ways " .4

" Causes and results are themselves things and their behavior. (...) 5 Each part of reality is a cause not common for all results and simultaneously a result not common for the all causes and interacts with rest parts " .6

" The relation or connection of the part with the total reality is not only indirect and external " .7

" Each part of reality always differs immediately from its totality… " .8

" Two things without nothing common (element) in their quality or in their relations with the other things, would be utterly different, utterly irrelevant and without some possibility for direct or indirect influence " .9

" When we say that the things are dependent between them, we mean, that they are influenced permanently what and how are, from what are and from the ways, that are the remainder things or some of these " .10

" Where an interaction exists, there always the common traits of cause and result exist " .11

" The results of a cause are not these of an other cause and we find some causes, which are irrelevant from certain results or they have a faraway indirect relation, which they could to not have. As we say, they exist combined a lot of causality chains " .12

" The same cause on different things cannot has precisely or all same consequences, while in direct or indirect relation with some other causes is possible to determined differently or opposite results. The same cause can to determines a different result and the same result to be determined by a different cause… " .13

" In reality, each part influences and modifies other parts, however not everything (all parts), in the same moment " .14

" The influences are continued with some ways that are not stable determined (immutably), causing changes in the quality, activity and interaction of the intermediate things and thus they exist results, which are not determined regularly by one and the same cause. In other words, they are materialized or exist results, for which certain of the causes have ceased exist or to determine them and reversely: They exist causes that don't constitute the alone or first beginning for the existence of certain results and however, these contribute or are useful for the existence of these results, even when these causes are not exist" .15

"The so-called indeterminism or luck, in reality is the unstable determination, (a changing determination), which is explained from the indirect (and relative) contribution that have each other the connected parts of reality " .16

" No one thing, which isn't the sufficient cause to itself, can not be the alone cause for the existence or quality of another (...) However, it can't to be not a cause or to be not produces result… " .17

" The alone (or sufficient) cause (...) which does not have an other cause except itself, contrary to the partly causes, it is the perfect total of them (consequently, it is also these things together) ".18

" The same things are certain causes for themselves, because their existence is a part of one and same selfed-determine quality and not only an external part and for this reason, they are specified not only indirectly - externally. Their sufficient cause is not an external fundamental nor an external final cause, it is their direct total, in which are parts immediately (without any mediation)" .19

" To exists interaction (or difference in time), it should exist things, which aren't the sufficient cause for self " .20

" Each thing, externally unto other things and independently from the moment in which exists, it can be considered as a partial result, for its realization of which they have contributed indirectly (without a beginning) all remainder things as certain causes " .21

" Independently from the moment in which each thing begins to exists, it has been influenced more indirectly by each other thing and this has affected (influence) indirectly every other " .22

" All things constitute a constant Total inside in limits of a time, they aren't numberless, they do not interact with unlimited ways and the most indirect way with which each thing influences the other isn't infinite " .23

" The most indirect ways of interaction are these that have become since always (without a beginning). (...) What are these more indirect results, which always are specified in quality of each thing? As it will be proved, these common elements are the common ways of interaction, which are named "matter" " .24

" The results from most indirect interaction of things are things by less interactions (...) 25 they constitute stabilised ways of influence, that we name matter. (...) 26 The material elements are stabilised ways with which the Universe always has become in its minimal moment and these material constitute the most simple qualities (of things) in an abstract reality " .27

"The most indirect way, with which a thing influences each other after a time interval and through all other parts, it should be common way and constantly the same way, and never to exists an other way more indirect always" .28

" The reality in its entirety of Time is finished (before the relative moment in which its parts are exist as externally) and for this reason, they aren't only the things of previous moments that influence the things in the next moments, but also reversely… " .29

" The substance is the fixed and uncreated beginning for relative things and this does not mean, that the substance is the rest from abstraction of each change and action. From such a substance would be absent the quality and complexness. Not only relations, changes, possibilities can't exist without substance but also without these first the substance can not exists as the first - common source " .30

" The material elements are ways, by which the Universal Quality begins relatively to becomes indirectly in its minimal moment " .31

" The carriers of indirect interaction and for configuration of things, the so-called "matter" are things with fewer ways interaction in same time. These are a relative lack of quality and reality into the total of reality and they can not interact with many different things at same time (or in many ways at same time)”32

"If the reality was not finished (with all possible ways) or in earlier times, before moment in which is becoming unto us still, then there would be no free space”33

"The effect of free space on the quality of things happening in time shortest than minimum, ie directly and simultaneously to all structural carriers (of matter)”34

"each beginning into the free space becomes relatively retrospectively with the carriers of indirect interaction and the beginning of the existence of these carriers is outside space, that is, it is direct and happens in distance less than the minimum, by the universe of other sub-moments, it which rela­tively does not exists”35

"Different complex qualities can not be explained by just a few common and external substances for the same reason, for which could not explain the existence of differences in the original common (and simple) substances."36

" The part, so theoretical and abstract is always this itself, it is always a part, but its ceaseless change means that it is not precisely this same and without quality. The concept of change and time presuppose, that this part is changing partly and isn't only one or simple " .37

" Things are exist as limited and they are such as are in reference to others. They have their existence with mediatory existence of many other things and with their connection in a environment, necessarily of the physical laws. The phrase "in­direct existence or things" was used with this concept. The indirect and separate their existence presup­poses a lack of directness, time and a lack of substance. (...) All things are direct the same common substance and they are connected immediately, simultaneously with this (...) If the total of things wasn't a direct cause for its self, if it wasn't with a stabilised quality (like a total Time), then the said things would not constitute some ways of a common sub­stance (...) and they couldn't be with a relatively constant and unified quality, neither to have some common traits " .38* 

(©2000, ISBN 960-385-019-5 ) 


The Theology of Science, ©2000, ISBN 960-385-019-5 

(1) page108, (2) page114, (3) page113, (4) page124, (5) page124, (6) page130, (7) page109, (8) page109, (9) page110, (10) page111, (11) page124, (12) page124, (13) page127, (14) page127, (15) page128, (16) page131, (17) page129, (18) page129-130, (19) page130, (20) page133, (21) page128, (22) page140, (23) page139, (24) page129, (25) page141, (26) page140, (27) page158, (28) page161, (29) page157, (30) page143, (31) page141, (32) pages203-204, (33) pages169-170 and 273, (34) page171, (35) page 172, (36) page137, (37) page110, (38) page144-145

* In this passage (38) a few lines were added to the top, because it would not be at all understood. All things exist as separately and have limits in nature. The limits, the particularity, the intercessional parts, the divisibility, the multiplicity, all these terms are declinations of a phenomenon, that is described more easily and briefly with usual notion, such as "external things". Each one trait is with the other and if removed one, neither other remains.


In the fundamental thoughts where are enumerated with a selected sequence, with some vagueness (no however ambiguously) the most abstract concepts are expressed (nearby in Aristotle's categories), such as particularly is the concept about the "part", "total" and "rela­tion". The description for the cosmos as a totality and as a part imposes the concept about a "relation" and "quantity". The union of concepts “totality” with “time” imposes the concept about "change" and "dynamic relation" between the parts. Then come out some relations as are "resemblance", "identity" and the "dif­ference" between part and totality. These first relations have mathematical perspective, as in mathematics has the relation of the unit with itself and as has the division of the unit or its multiplication implies the concept of quantity and proportionality. A vagueness is a exchange for the generalization. However, the vagueness does not invalidate the manifold meaning of the universal concepts, when undeniably concepts are ad­dressed in an unspecified multitude of things and phenomena and not in our fantasies. In those years, in order to I obviate rejection of some who think that has enough experience and all criteria to appreciate the reliability in advance without having to listen or read, the following footnote existed with the first general thoughts: " The ab­stract concepts about “thing” and “part”, here are used with the unspecified broadness of an unknown x, which corresponds to a limit of possible solutions, of which a big number is considered known and real. With unfolding of the reasoning and rational interconnection of their meaning, the limits of their meaning will be clarified". The description on the structure of the cosmos and about the things as a whole was need a formulation with universal relations. The weakness of the abstract concepts was only quantitative.






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